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Scenix Sxdemo

; ******************************************************************************
;       Enhanced SX Demo with I2C (EEPROM) Interface  - (C) Copyright 1998
;
;
;       Length: 573 bytes (total)
;       Authors: Chip Gracey, President, Parallax Inc.
;		   modified by Craig Webb, Consultant to Scenix Semiconductor, Inc.
;       Written: 97/03/10 to 98/6/03
;
;       This program implements five virtual peripherals on Parallax, Inc.'s
;       SX DEMO board. The various virtual peripherals are as follows:
;       
;       1) 16-bit timer/frequency outputs (2)
;       2) Pulse-Width Modulated outputs (2)
;       3) Analog-to-Digital Converter(s) (ADC) (2)
;       4) Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)
;       5) I2C serial (EEPROM) interface
;
;       All of these peripherals (except the I2C interface) take advantage
;       of the SX's internal RTCC-driven interrupt so that they can operate
;       in the background while the main program loop is executing.
;
;	Improvements over SX Demo original version:
;		- I2C protocol EEPROM store/retrieve subroutines added
;		- 3 new UART user-interface functions added to access EEPROM
;		- faster, shorter timer/freqency output code
;		- faster, shorter analog to digital converter code
;		- bug removed from adc code (adc value=0FFh when input=5V)
;		- faster, shorter UART transmit code
;
;******************************************************************************
;
;****** Assembler directives
;
; uses: SX28AC, 2 pages of program memory, 8 banks of RAM, high speed osc.
;       operating in turbo mode, with 8-level stack & extended option reg.
;                
		DEVICE  pins28,pages2,banks8,oschs
		DEVICE  turbo,stackx,optionx
		ID      'SX Demo+'              ;program ID label
		RESET   reset_entry             ;set reset/boot address
;
;******************************* Program Variables ***************************
;
; Port Assignment: Bit variables
;
scl             EQU     RA.0                    ;I2C clock
sda             EQU     RA.1                    ;I2C data I/O
rx_pin          EQU     ra.2                    ;UART receive input
tx_pin          EQU     ra.3                    ;UART transmit output
led_pin         EQU     rb.6                    ;LED output
spkr_pin        EQU     rb.7                    ;Speaker output
pwm0_pin        EQU     rc.0                    ;Pulse width mod. PWM0 output
pwm1_pin        EQU     rc.2                    ;Pulse width mod. PWM1 output
adc0_out_pin    EQU     rc.4                    ;ADC0 input pin
adc0_in_pin     EQU     rc.5                    ;ADC0 output/calibrate pin
adc1_out_pin    EQU     rc.6                    ;ADC1 input pin
adc1_in_pin     EQU     rc.7                    ;ADC1 output/calibrate pin
;
;
;****** Register definitions (bank 0)
;
		org     8                       ;start of program registers
main		=       $                       ;main bank
;
temp		ds      1                       ;temporary storage
byte		ds      1                       ;temporary UART/I2C shift reg.
cmd		ds      1
number_low	ds      1                       ;low byte of rec'd value
number_high	ds      1                       ;high byte of rec'd value
hex		ds      1                       ;value of rec'd hex number
string		ds      1                       ;indirect ptr to output string
flags		DS      1                       ;program flags register
;
got_hex		EQU     flags.0                 ;=1 if hex value after command
seq_flag	EQU     flags.1                 ;I2C: R/W mode (if sequential=1)
got_ack		EQU     flags.2                 ;     if we got ack signal
erasing		EQU     flags.3                 ;     high while erasing eeprom
;
		org     30h                     ;bank1 variables
timers		=       $                       ;timer bank
;
timer_low	ds      1                       ;timer value low byte
timer_high	ds      1                       ;timer value high byte
timer_accl	ds      1                       ;timer accumulator low byte
timer_acch	ds      1                       ;timer accumulator high byte

freq_low	ds      1                       ;frequency value low byte
freq_high	ds      1                       ;frequency value high byte
freq_accl	ds      1                       ;frequency accumulator low byte
freq_acch	ds      1                       ;frequency accumulator high byte
;
;
		org     50h                     ;bank2 variables
analog		=       $                       ;pwm and ADC bank
;
port_buff	ds      1                       ;buffer - used by all
pwm0		ds      1                       ;pwm0 - value
pwm0_acc	ds      1                       ;     - accumulator
pwm1		ds      1                       ;pwm1 - value
pwm1_acc	ds      1                       ;     - accumulator
adc0		ds      1                       ;adc0 - value
adc0_count	ds      1                       ;     - real-time count
adc0_acc	ds      1                       ;     - accumulator
adc1		ds      1                       ;adc1 - value
;adc1_count	ds      1                       ;     - real-time count
adc1_acc	ds      1                       ;     - accumulator
;
;
		org     70h                     ;bank3 variables
serial		=       $                       ;UART bank
;
tx_high		ds      1                       ;hi byte to transmit
tx_low		ds      1                       ;low byte to transmit
tx_count	ds      1                       ;number of bits sent
tx_divide	ds      1                       ;xmit timing (/16) counter
rx_count	ds      1                       ;number of bits received
rx_divide	ds      1                       ;receive timing counter
rx_byte		ds      1                       ;buffer for incoming byte
rx_flag		ds      1                       ;signals byte received
;
; The following three values determine the UART baud rate.
; The value of baud_bit and int_period affect the baud rate as follows:
;  Baud rate = 50MHz/(2^baud_bit * int_period * RTCC_prescaler)
;       Note:   1 =< baud_bit =< 7
;               *int_period must <256 and longer than the length of the slowest
;                       possible interrupt sequence in instruction cycles.
;                       Changing the value of int_period will affect the
;                       rest of the virtual peripherals due to timing issues.
; The start delay value must be set equal to (2^baud_bit)*1.5 + 1
;
; *** 19200 baud
baud_bit	=       4                       ;for 19200 baud
start_delay	=       16+8+1                  ; "    "     "
int_period	=       163                     ; "    "     "
;
; *** 2400 baud (for slower baud rates, increase the RTCC prescaler)
;baud_bit	=       7                       ;for 2400 baud
;start_delay	=       128+64+1                ; "    "    "
;int_period	=       163                     ; "    "    "
;
; *** 115.2k baud (for faster rates, reduce int_period - see above*)
;baud_bit	=       1                       ;for 115.2K baud
;start_delay	=       2+1+1                   ; "    "     "
;int_period	=       217                     ; "    "     "
;
		org     90H                     ;bank4 variables
I2C		EQU     $                       ;I2C bank
;
data		DS      1                       ;data byte from/for R/W
address		DS      1                       ;byte address
count		DS      1                       ;bit count for R/W
delay		DS      1                       ;timing delay for write cycle
byte_count	DS      1                       ;number of bytes in R/W
num_bytes	DS      1                       ;number of byte to view at once
save_addr	DS      1                       ;backup location for address
;
in_bit		EQU     byte.0                  ;bit to receive on I2C
out_bit		EQU     byte.7                  ;bit to transmit on I2C 
;
control_r	=       10100001b               ;control byte: read E2PROM
control_w	=       10100000b               ;control byte: write E2PROM
portsetup_r	=       00000110b               ;Port A config: read bit
portsetup_w	=       00000100b               ;Port A config: write bit
eeprom_size	=       128                     ;storage space of EEPROM
;
t_all		=       31                      ;bit cycle delay (62=5 usec)
;**************************** INTERRUPT CODE *******************************
;
; Note: The interrupt code must always originate at 0h.
;       Care should be taken to maintain constant code timing through the 
; 	 interupt chain, to avoid corrupting any timing sensitive routines
;       (such as adcs, UARTS, etc.).
;
interrupt	ORG     0                       ;interrupt starts at 0h
;
;
;****** Virtual Peripheral: TIMERS (including frequency output)
;
; This routine adds a programmable value to a 16-bit accumulator (a pair of
;  two 8-bit registers) during each pass through the interrupt. It then
;  copies the value from the high bit of the accumulator to the
;  appropriate output port pin (LED, speaker, etc.)
;
;	Input variable(s) : timer_low,timer_high,timer_accl,timer_acch
;				    freq_low,freq_high,freq_accl,freq_acch
;	Output variable(s) : LED port pin, speaker port pin
;	Variable(s) affected : timer_accl, timer_acch, freq_accl, freq_acch
;	Flag(s) affected : none
;	Size : 1 byte + 10 bytes (per timer)
;	Timing (turbo) : 1 cycle + 10 cycles (per timer)
;
		bank    timers                  ;switch to timer reg. bank
:timer
;		clc                             ;only needed if CARRYX=ON
		add     timer_accl,timer_low    ;adjust timer's accumulator
		addb    timer_acch,c            ; including carry bit
		add     timer_acch,timer_high   ; (timer = 16 bits long)        
		movb    led_pin,timer_acch.7    ;toggle LED (square wave)
:frequency
;		clc                             ;only needed if CARRYX=ON
		add     freq_accl,freq_low      ;adjust freq's accumulator
		addb    freq_acch,c             ; including carry bit
		add     freq_acch,freq_high     ; (freq = 16 bits long) 
		movb    spkr_pin,freq_acch.7    ;toggle speaker(square wave)
;
;
;***** Virtual Peripheral: Pulse Width Modulators
;
; These routines create an 8-bit programmable duty cycle output at the
; respective pwm port output pins whose duty cycle is directly proportional
; to the value in the corresponding pwm register. This value is added to an
; accumulator on each interrupt pass interrupt. When the addition causes a
; carry overflow, the ouput is set to the high part of its duty cycle.
; These routines are timing critical and must be placed before any
; variable-execution-rate code (like the UART, for example).
;
;	Input variable(s) : pwm0,pwm0_acc,pwm1,pwm1_acc
;	Output variable(s) : pwm port pins
;	Variable(s) affected : port_buff, pwm0_acc, pwm1_acc
;	Flag(s) affected : none
;	Size : 2 bytes + 4 bytes (per pwm)
;		+ 2 bytes shared with adc code (see below)
;	Timing (turbo) : 2 cycles + 4 cycles (per pwm)
;			 + 2 cycles shared with adc code (see below)
;
		bank    analog                  ;switch to adc/pwm bank
		clr     port_buff               ;clear pwm/adc port buffer
;
:pwm0        add     pwm0_acc,pwm0           ;adjust pwm0 accumulator
		snc                             ;did it trigger?
		setb    port_buff.0             ;yes, toggle pwm0 high
:pwm1        add     pwm1_acc,pwm1           ;adjust pwm1 accumulator
		snc                             ;did it trigger?
		setb    port_buff.2             ;yes, toggle pwm1 high
;
;*** If the ADC routines are removed, the following instruction must be
;*** enabled (uncommented) for the PWM routine to function properly:
;:update_RC	mov     rc,port_buff            ;update cap. discharge pins
;
;
;***** Virtual Peripheral: Bitstream Analog to Digital Converters
;
; These routines allow an 8-bit value to be calculated which corresponds
; directly (within noise variation limits) with the voltage (0-5V) present
; at the respective adc port input pins. These routines are timing critical
; and must be placed before any variable-execution-rate code (like the UART,
; for example). The currently enabled routine (version A) has been optimized
; for size and speed, and RAM register usage, however a fixed execution rate,
; yet slightly larger/slower routine (version B) is provided in commented
; (disabled) form to simplify building other timing-critical virtual
; peripheral combinations (i.e. that require fixed rate preceeding code).
;    Note: if version B is selected, version A must be disabled (commented)
;
;	Input variable(s) : adc0,adc0_acc,adc0_count,adc1,adc1_acc,adc1_count
;	Output variable(s) : pwm port pins
;	Variable(s) affected : port_buff, pwm0_acc, pwm1_acc
;	Flag(s) affected : none
;	Size (version A) : 9 bytes + 7 bytes (per pwm)
;				+ 2 bytes shared with adc code (see below)
;	Size (version B) : 6 bytes + 10 bytes (per pwm)
;				+ 2 bytes shared with pwm code (see below)
;	Timing (turbo)
;		version A : 2 cycles shared with pwm code (see below) +
;				(a) [>99% of time] 11 cycles + 4 cycles (per adc)
;				(b) [<1% of time] 9 cycles + 7 cycles (per adc)
;		version B : 6 cycles + 10 cycles (per adc)
;				+ 2 cycles shared with pwm code (see below)
;
;*** If the PWM routines are removed, the following 2 instructions must
;*** be enabled (uncommented) for the ADC routine to function properly:
;		bank    analog                  ;switch to adc/pwm bank
;		clr     port_buff               ;clear pwm/adc port buffer

:adcs        mov     w,>>rc                  ;get current status of adc's
		not     w                       ;complement inputs to outputs
		and     w,#%01010000            ;keep only adc0 & adc1
		or      port_buff,w             ;store new value into buffer
:update_RC	mov     rc,port_buff            ;update cap. discharge pins

;
; VERSION A - smaller, quicker but with variable execution rate
;
:adc0        sb      port_buff.4             ;check if adc0 triggered?
		INCSZ   adc0_acc                ;if so, increment accumulator
		INC     adc0_acc                ; and prevent overflowing
		DEC     adc0_acc                ; by skipping second 'INC'

:adc1        sb      port_buff.6             ;check if adc1 triggered
		INCSZ   adc1_acc                ;if so, increment accumulator
		INC     adc1_acc                ; and prevent overflowing
		DEC     adc1_acc                ; by skipping second 'INC'

		INC     adc0_count              ;adjust adc0 timing count
		JNZ     :done_adcs              ;if not done, jump ahead
:update_adc0	MOV     adc0,adc0_acc           ;samples ready, update adc0
:update_adc1	MOV     adc1,adc1_acc           ; update adc1
:clear_adc0	CLR     adc0_acc                ; reset adc0 accumulator
:clear_adc1	CLR     adc1_acc                ; reset adc1 accumulator
;
; <end of version A>
;
; VERSION B - fixed execution rate
;
;*** The "adc1_count" register definition in the analog bank definition 
;*** section must be enabled (uncommented) for this routine to work properly
;
;:adc0		sb	port_buff.4		;check if adc0 triggered
;		INCSZ adc0_acc		;if so, increment accumulator
;		INC   adc0_acc		; and prevent overflowing
;		DEC   adc0_acc		; by skipping second 'INC'
;		mov	w,adc0_acc		;load W from accumulator
;		inc	adc0_count		;adjust adc0 timing count
;		snz				;are we done taking reading?
;		mov	adc0,w			;if so, update adc0
;		snz				;
;		clr	adc0_acc		;if so, reset accumulator
;
;:adc1		sb	port_buff.6		;check if adc1 triggered
;		INCSZ adc1_acc              ;if so, increment accumulator
;		INC   adc1_acc              ; and prevent overflowing
;		DEC   adc1_acc              ; by skipping second 'INC'
;		mov	w,adc1_acc		;load W from accumulator
;		inc	adc1_count		;adjust adc1 timing count
;		snz				;are we done taking reading?
;		mov	adc1,w			;if so, update adc1
;		snz				;
;		clr	adc1_acc		;if so, reset accumulator
;
; <end of version B>
;

:done_adcs

;
;**** Virtual Peripheral: Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)
;
; This routine sends and receives RS232C serial data, and is currently
; configured (though modifications can be made) for the popular
; "No parity-checking, 8 data bit, 1 stop bit" (N,8,1) data format.
; RECEIVING: The rx_flag is set high whenever a valid byte of data has been
; received and it the calling routine's responsibility to reset this flag
; once the incoming data has been collected.
; TRANSMITTING: The transmit routine requires the data to be inverted
; and loaded (tx_high+tx_low) register pair (with the inverted 8 data bits
; stored in tx_high and tx_low bit 7 set high to act as a start bit). Then
; the number of bits ready for transmission (10 = 1 start + 8 data + 1 stop)
; must be loaded into the tx_count register. As soon as this latter is done,
; the transmit routine immediately begins sending the data.
; This routine has a varying execution rate and therefore should always be
; placed after any timing-critical virtual peripherals such as timers,
; adcs, pwms, etc.
; Note: The transmit and receive routines are independent and either may be
;	removed, if not needed, to reduce execution time and memory usage,
;	as long as the initial "BANK serial" (common) instruction is kept.
;
;	Input variable(s) : tx_low (only high bit used), tx_high, tx_count
;	Output variable(s) : rx_flag, rx_byte
;	Variable(s) affected : tx_divide, rx_divide, rx_count
;	Flag(s) affected : rx_flag
;	Size : Transmit - 15 bytes + 1 byte shared with receive code
;		  Receive - 20 bytes + 1 byte shared with transmit code
;	Timing (turbo) : 
;	       Transmit -	(a) [not sending] 9 cycles
;				(b) [sending] 19 cycles
;				 + 1 cycle shared with RX code ("bank" instr.)
;		  Receive -	(a) [not receiving] 9 cycles
;				(b) [start receiving] 16 cycles
;				(c) [receiving, awaiting bit] 13 cycles
;				(d) [receiving, bit ready] 17 cycles
;
;
		bank    serial                  ;switch to serial register bank

:transmit    clrb    tx_divide.baud_bit      ;clear xmit timing count flag
		inc     tx_divide               ;only execute the transmit routine
		STZ                             ;set zero flag for test
		SNB     tx_divide.baud_bit      ; every 2^baud_bit interrupt
		test    tx_count                ;are we sending?
		JZ      :receive                ;if not, go to :receive
		clc                             ;yes, ready stop bit
		rr      tx_high                 ; and shift to next bit
		rr      tx_low                  ;
		dec     tx_count                ;decrement bit counter
		movb    tx_pin,/tx_low.6        ;output next bit
;
:receive     movb    c,rx_pin                ;get current rx bit
		test    rx_count                ;currently receiving byte?
		jnz     :rxbit                  ;if so, jump ahead
		mov     w,#9                    ;in case start, ready 9 bits
		sc                              ;skip ahead if not start bit
		mov     rx_count,w              ;it is, so renew bit count
		mov     rx_divide,#start_delay  ;ready 1.5 bit periods
:rxbit       djnz    rx_divide,:rxdone       ;middle of next bit?
		setb    rx_divide.baud_bit      ;yes, ready 1 bit period
		dec     rx_count                ;last bit?
		sz                              ;if not
		rr      rx_byte                 ;  then save bit
		snz                             ;if so
		setb    rx_flag                 ;  then set flag
:rxdone
;
		mov     w,#-int_period          ;interrupt every 'int_period' clocks
:end_int	retiw                           ;exit interrupt
;
;******	End of interrupt sequence
;
;***************************** PROGRAM DATA ********************************
;
; String data for user interface (must be in lower half of memory page)
;
_hello          dw      13,10,13,10,'SX Virtual Peripheral Demo+'
_cr             dw      13,10,0
_prompt         dw      13,10,'>',0
_error          dw      'Error!',13,10,0
_hex            dw      '0123456789ABCDEF'
_space          dw      ' ',0
_sample         dw      13,10,'Sample=',0
_view           dw      13,10,'Bytes stored:',0
;
;***************************** SUBROUTINES *********************************
;
; Subroutine - Get byte via serial port
;
get_byte     jnb     rx_flag,$		;wait till byte is received
		clrb    rx_flag		;reset the receive flag
		mov     byte,rx_byte		;store byte (copy using W)
						; & fall through to echo char back
;
; Subroutine - Send byte via serial port
;
send_byte    bank    serial

:wait        test    tx_count                ;wait for not busy
		jnz     :wait                   ;

		not     w                       ;ready bits (inverse logic)
		mov     tx_high,w               ; store data byte
		setb    tx_low.7                ; set up start bit
		mov     tx_count,#10            ;1 start + 8 data + 1 stop bit
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
; Subroutine - Send hex byte (2 digits)
;
send_hex     mov     w,#_cr                  ;get <cr> with <lf>
		call    send_string             ; and send it
:num_only    mov     w,<>number_low          ;get first digit
		call    :digit                  ; and send it
		mov     w,number_low            ;load 2nd digit

:digit       and     w,#$F                   ;read hex chr
		mov     temp,w                  ; and store it temporarily
		mov     w,#_hex                 ;load hex table address
;            clc                             ;only needed if CARRYX used
		add     w,temp                  ;calculate hex table offset
		mov     m,#0                    ; and go get the appropriate
		iread                           ; character with indirect
		mov     m,#$F                   ; addressing using MODE reg.
		jmp     send_byte               ;go send hex character
;
;
; Subroutine - Send string pointed to by address in W register
;
send_string  mov     string,w                ;store string address
:loop        mov     w,string                ;read next string character
		mov     m,#0                    ; with indirect addressing
		iread                           ; using the mode register
		mov     m,#$F                   ;reset the mode register
		test    w                       ;are we at the last char?
		snz                             ;if not=0, skip ahead
		RETP                            ;yes, leave & fix page bits
		call    send_byte               ;not 0, so send character
		inc     string                  ;point to next character
		jmp     :loop                   ;loop until done
;
;
; Subroutine - Make byte uppercase
;
uppercase    csae	  byte,#'a'               ;if byte is lowercase, then skip ahead
		ret

		sub     byte,#'a'-'A'           ;change byte to uppercase
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
; Subroutine - Convert hex number from ascii
;
get_hex      clr     number_low              ;reset number
		clr     number_high
		CLRB    got_hex                 ;reset hex value flag
:loop        call    get_byte                ;get digit
		cje     byte,#' ',:loop         ;ignore spaces
		mov     w,<>byte                ;get nibble-swapped byte
		mov     hex,w                   ; into hex register
		cjb     byte,#'0',:done         ;if below '0', done
		cjbe    byte,#'9',:got          ;if '0'-'9', got hex digit
		call    uppercase               ;make byte uppercase
		cjb     byte,#'A',:done         ;if below 'A', done
		cja     byte,#'F',:done         ;if above 'F', done
		add     hex,#$90                ;'A'-'F', adjust hex digit
:got         mov     temp,#4                 ;shift digit into number
:shift       rl      hex                     ; by rotating
		rl      number_low              ; all three registers
		rl      number_high             ; left 4 times
		djnz    temp,:shift             ;
		SETB    got_hex                 ;flag that we got a value
		jmp     :loop                   ;go get next digit
:cr          call    get_byte                ;get a byte via serial port
:done        cjne    byte,#13,:cr            ;loop until it's a <cr>
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
;
;******************************** I2C Subroutines **************************
;
; These routines write/read data to/from the 24LCxx EEPROM at a rate of
; approx. 200kHz. For faster* reads (up to 400 kHz max), read, write, start
; and stop bit cycles and time between each bus access must be individually
; tailored using the CALL Bus_delay:custom entry point with appropriate
; in the W register:
; In turbo mode: delay[usec] = 1/xtal[MHz] * (6 + 4 * (W-1))
; Acknowledge polling is used to reduce delays between successive operations 
; where the first of the two is a write operation. In this case, the speed
; is limited by the EEPROM's storage time.
;
; Note: These subroutines are in the 2nd memory page, so appropriate care
; should be used for accessing them in regards to setting page select bits.
		ORG     200h
;
;
;****** Subroutine(s) : Write to I2C EEPROM
; These routines write a byte to the 24LCxxB EEPROM. Before calling this
; subroutine, the address and data registers should be loaded accordingly.
; The sequential mode flag should be clear for normal byte write operations.
; To write in sequential/page mode, please see Scenix' I2C application note.
;
;       Input variable(s) : data, address, seq_flag
;       Output variable(s) : none
;       Variable(s) affected : byte, temp, count, delay
;       Flag(s) affected : none
;       Timing (turbo) : approx. 200 Kbps write rate
;                      : approx. 10 msec between successive writes
;
I2C_write    CALL    Set_address             ;write address to slave
:page_mode   MOV     W,data                  ;get byte to be sent
		CALL    Write_byte              ;Send data byte
		JB      seq_flag,:done          ;is this a page write?
		CALL    Send_stop               ;no, signal stop condition
:done        RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Set_address  CALL    Send_start              ;send start bit
		MOV     W,#control_w            ;get write control byte
		CALL    Write_byte              ;Write it & use ack polling
		JNB     got_ack,Set_address     ; until EEPROM ready
		MOV     W,address               ;get EEPROM address pointer
		CALL    Write_byte              ; and send it
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Write_byte   MOV     byte,W                  ;store byte to send
		MOV     count,#8                ;set up to write 8 bits
:next_bit    CALL    Write_bit               ;write next bit
		RL      byte                    ;shift over to next bit
		DJNZ    count,:next_bit         ;whole byte written yet?
		CALL    Read_bit                ;yes, get acknowledge bit
		SETB    got_ack                 ;assume we got it
		SNB     in_bit                  ;did we get ack (low=yes)?
		CLRB    got_ack                 ;if not, flag it
;
; to use the LED as a 'no_ack' signal, the ':toggle_led' line in the interrupt
;  section must be commented out, and the next 3 instructions uncommented.
;            CLRB    led_pin                 ;default: LED off
;            SNB     in_bit                  ;did we get ack (low=yes)?
;            SETB    led_pin                 ; if not, flag it with LED
;
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Write_bit    MOVB    sda,out_bit             ;put tx bit on data line
		MOV     !ra,#portsetup_w        ;set Port A up to write
		JMP     :delay1                 ;100ns data setup delay
:delay1      JMP     :delay2                 ; (note: 250ns at low power)
:delay2      SETB    scl                     ;flip I2C clock to high
;            MOV     W,#t_high               ;get write cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;do delay while bus settles
		CLRB    scl                     ;return I2C clock low
		MOV     !ra,#portsetup_r        ;set sda->input in case ack
;            MOV     W,#t_low                ;get clock=low cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;allow for clock=low cycle
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Send_start   SETB    sda                     ;pull data line high
		MOV     !ra,#portsetup_w        ;setup I2C to write bit
		JMP     :delay1                 ;100ns data setup delay
:delay1      JMP     :delay2                 ; (note: 250ns at low power)
:delay2      SETB    scl                     ;pull I2C clock high
;            MOV     W,#t_su_sta             ;get setup cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;allow start setup time
:new         CLRB    sda                     ;data line goes high->low
;            MOV     W,#t_hd_sta             ;get start hold cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;allow start hold time          
		CLRB    scl                     ;pull I2C clock low
;            MOV     W,#t_buf                ;get bus=free cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;pause before next function             
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Send_stop    CLRB    sda                     ;pull data line low
		MOV     !ra,#portsetup_w        ;setup I2C to write bit
		JMP     :delay1                 ;100ns data setup delay
:delay1      JMP     :delay2                 ; (note: 250ns at low power)
:delay2      SETB    scl                     ;pull I2C clock high
;            MOV     W,#t_su_sto             ;get setup cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;allow stop setup time
		SETB    sda                     ;data line goes low->high
;            MOV     W,#t_low                ;get stop cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;allow start/stop hold time             
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Bus_delay    MOV     W,#t_all                ;get timing for delay loop
:custom      MOV     temp,W                  ;save it
:loop        DJNZ    temp,:loop              ;do delay
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
;****** Subroutine(s) : Read from I2C EEPROM
; These routines read a byte from a 24LCXXB E2PROM either from a new address
; (random access mode), from the current address in the EEPROM's internal
; address pointer (CALL Read_byte:current), or as a sequential read. In either
; the random access or current address mode, seq_flag should be clear. Please
; refer to the application note on how to access the sequential read mode.
;
;       Input variable(s) : address, seq_flag
;       Output variable(s) : data
;       Variable(s) affected : byte, temp, count, delay
;       Flag(s) affected : none
;       Timing (turbo) : reads at approx. 200Kbps 
;
I2C_read     CALL    Set_address             ;write address to slave
:current     CALL    Send_start              ;signal start of read
		MOV     W,#control_r            ; get read control byte
		CALL    Write_byte              ; and send it
:sequential  MOV     count,#8                ;set up for 8 bits
		CLR     byte                    ;zero result holder
:next_bit    RL      byte                    ;shift result for next bit
		CALL    Read_bit                ;get next bit
		DJNZ    count,:next_bit         ;got whole byte yet?
		MOV     data,byte               ;yes, store what was read
		SB      seq_flag                ;is this a sequential read?
:non_seq     JMP     Send_stop               ; no, signal stop & exit
		CLRB    out_bit                 ; yes, setup acknowledge bit
		CALL    Write_bit               ;   and send it
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Read_bit     CLRB    in_bit                  ;assume input bit low
		MOV     !ra,#portsetup_r        ;set Port A up to read
		SETB    scl                     ;flip I2C clock to high
;            MOV     W,#t_high               ;get read cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;Go do delay
		SNB     sda                     ;is data line high?
		SETB    in_bit                  ;yes, switch input bit high
		CLRB    scl                     ;return I2C clock low
;            MOV     W,#t_buf                ;get bus=free cycle timing*
		CALL    Bus_delay               ;Go do delay
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
;
Take_sample  BANK    analog                  ;switch to analog bank
		MOV     W,ADC1                  ;get ADC1 value
		BANK    I2C                     ;switch to EEPROM bank
		SNB     got_hex                 ;did user enter a value?
		MOV     W,number_low            ;yes, load it instead
		MOV     data,W                  ;save ADC1 value
		CALL    I2C_Write               ;store it in EEPROM
		INC     address                 ;move to next address
		INC     byte_count              ;adjust # bytes stored
		MOV     W,eeprom_size           ;get memory size
		MOV     W,address-W             ;are we past end?
		SNZ                             ;if not, skip ahead
		CLR     address                 ;if so, reset it
:done        RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
View_Mem     MOV     W,byte_count            ;get # bytes stored
:all         MOV     num_bytes,W             ;store it into view count
		MOV     W,#_view                ;get view message
		PAGE    send_string             ;set up for long call
		CALL    send_string             ;dump it
		BANK    I2C                     ;switch to EEPROM bank
		MOV     number_low,byte_count   ;get byte storage count
		PAGE    send_hex                ;set up for long call
		CALL    send_hex:num_only       ;dump it
		BANK    I2C                     ;switch to I2C bank
		MOV     W,#0                    ;Address = start of EEPROM
		JMP     :address                ;Go store address
:single      MOV     num_bytes,#1            ;only a single byte
		MOV     W,number_low            ;get the address pointer
:address     MOV     address,W               ;store requested address
		MOV     W,#_cr                  ;get carriage return
:dump        PAGE    send_string             ;set up for long call
		CALL    send_string             ;send it
		BANK    I2C                     ;Switch to I2C bank
		SB      erasing                 ;viewing after erase cycle
		SNB     got_hex                 ; or special hex value?
		JMP     :viewloop               ;yes, go dump it
		TEST    save_addr               ;no, is EEPROM empty?
		SNZ                             ;if not, skip ahead
		JMP     :done                   ;yes, so leave
:viewloop    CALL    I2C_read                ;fetch byte from EEPROM
		MOV     number_low,data         ;setup to send it
		PAGE    send_hex                ;set up for long call
		CALL    send_hex:num_only       ;transmit it (RS232)
		BANK    I2C                     ;switch to I2C bank
		DEC     num_bytes               ;decrement byte count
		SNZ                             ;skip ahead if not done
		JMP     :done                   ;all bytes dumped, exit
		INC     address                 ;move to next address
		MOV     W,#00001111b            ;keep low nibble
		AND     W,address               ; of address pointer
		MOV     W,#_space               ;default=send a space
		SNZ                             ;have we done 16 bytes?
		MOV     W,#_cr                  ;yes, point to a <cr>
		JMP     :dump                   ;go dump it and continue
:done        MOV     address,save_addr       ;restore address pointer
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;
Erase_Mem    CLR     address                 ;restore address pointer
		SETB    erasing                 ;flag erase operation
		MOV     num_bytes,#eeprom_size  ;wipe whole mem
:wipeloop    CLR     data                    ;byte to wipe with=0
;            MOV     data,address            ;byte to wipe with=addr
		CALL    I2C_write               ;wipe EEPROM byte
		INC     address                 ;move to next address
		DJNZ    num_bytes,:wipeloop     ;Erased enough yet?
		CLR     byte_count              ;done, reset stored count
		CLR     save_addr               ;reset backup address
		MOV     W,#eeprom_size          ;load mem size into W
		CALL    View_mem:all            ; and view cleared memory
		CLRB    erasing                 ;flag operation done    
		RETP                            ;leave and fix page bits
;****** End of I2C Subroutines
;
;************************** MAIN PROGRAM CODE ******************************
;
		ORG     140h
;
; This is where code execution begins on power-up and after resets
;
reset_entry
		mov      ra,#%1011              ;initialize port RA
		mov     !ra,#%0100              ;Set RA in/out directions
		mov      rb,#%10000000          ;initialize port RB
		mov     !rb,#%00001111          ;Set RB in/out directions
		clr     rc                      ;initialize port RC
		mov     !rc,#%10101010          ;Set RC in/out directions
		mov     m,#$D                   ;set input levels
		mov     !rc,#0                  ; to cmos on port C
		mov     m,#$F                   ;reset mode register
		CLR     FSR                     ;reset all ram starting at 08h
:zero_ram    SB      FSR.4                   ;are we on low half of bank?
		SETB    FSR.3                   ;If so, don't touch regs 0-7
		CLR     IND                     ;clear using indirect addressing
		IJNZ    FSR,:zero_ram           ;repeat until done

		bank    timers                  ;set defaults
		setb    timer_low.0             ;LED off
		setb    freq_low.0              ;speaker off

		mov     !option,#%10011111      ;enable rtcc interrupt
;
; Terminal - main loop
;
terminal     mov     w,#_hello               ;send hello string
		call    send_string
:loop        mov     w,#_prompt              ;send prompt string
		call    send_string

		call    get_byte                ;get command via UART
		call    uppercase               ;make it uppercase
		mov     cmd,byte                ; and store it
		call    get_hex                 ;get hex number (if present)
:check_cmds                                  ;note: below, xx=hex value
		cje     cmd,#'T',:timer         ;T xxxx
		cje     cmd,#'F',:freq          ;F xxxx
		cje     cmd,#'A',:pwm0          ;A xx
		cje     cmd,#'B',:pwm1          ;B xx
		cje     cmd,#'C',:adc0          ;C
		cje     cmd,#'D',:adc1          ;D
; Command: S [xx] - Store sample (if xx is left out, ADC1 is sampled)
;                 - if xx is left out, adc1 value is stored
;
		cje     cmd,#'S',:sample        ;S [xx] =store sample
;
; Command: V [xx] - View stored byte(s)
;                 - if xx is left out, all stored byted are shown
;                 - if xx=ff then whole eeprom is dumped
;
		cje     cmd,#'V',:view          ;V [xx] =View EEPROM contents
;
; Command: E - Erase EEPROM contents and reset storage pointer
;
		cje     cmd,#'E',:erase         ;E = Erase whole EEPROM

		mov     w,#_error               ;bad command
		call    send_string             ;send error string
		jmp     :loop                   ;try again

:timer       bank    timers                  ;timer write
		mov     timer_low,number_low    ;store new timer value
		mov     timer_high,number_high  ; (16 bits)
		jmp     :loop

:freq        bank    timers                  ;freq write
		mov     freq_low,number_low     ;store new frequency value
		mov     freq_high,number_high   ; (16 bits)
		jmp     :loop

:pwm0        bank    analog                  ;pwm0 write
		mov     pwm0,number_low         ;store new pwm0 value
		jmp     :loop

:pwm1        bank    analog                  ;pwm1 write
		mov     pwm1,number_low         ;store new pwm0 value
		jmp     :loop

:adc0        bank    analog                  ;adc0 read
		mov     number_low,adc0         ;get current adc0 value
		call    send_hex                ;transmit it (via UART)
		jmp     :loop

:adc1        bank    analog                  ;adc1 read
		mov     number_low,adc1         ;get current adc1 value
		call    send_hex                ; transmit it (via UART)
		jmp     :loop

:sample      BANK    I2C                     ;Switch to I2C bank
		PAGE    Take_sample             ;I2C subroutine page
		CALL    Take_sample             ;Go take a sample
		MOV     W,#_sample              ;get sample message
		CALL    send_string             ;dump it
		BANK    I2C                     ;switch to EEPROM bank
		MOV     number_low,data         ;byte sent
		CALL    send_hex:num_only       ;dump it
		JMP     :loop                   ;back to main loop
;
:view        BANK    I2C                     ;switch to I2C bank
		MOV     save_addr,address       ;backup address pointer
		SNB     got_hex                 ;Was this "V xx" command?
		JMP     :v_special              ;if so, jump
		PAGE    View_mem                ;I2C subroutine page
		CALL    View_mem                ;no, view all stored data
		JMP     :loop                   ;back to main loop
:v_special   MOV     W,++number_low          ;View whole mem=> "V ff"
		JZ      :v_whole                ;Was this requested?
		PAGE    View_mem                ;I2C subroutine page
		CALL    View_mem:single         ;yes, go dump it
		JMP     :loop                   ;back to main loop
:v_whole     MOV     W,#eeprom_size          ;Get eeprom mem size
		PAGE    View_mem                ;I2C subroutine page
		CALL    View_mem:all            ;Go dump the whole thing
		JMP     :loop                   ;back to main loop
;
:erase       BANK    I2C                     ;switch to I2C bank
		PAGE    Erase_mem               ;I2C subroutine page
		CALL    Erase_mem               ;no, wipe whole EEPROM
		JMP     :loop                   ;back to main loop
;***************
		END                             ;End of program code


file: /Techref/scenix/sxdemo.src, 40KB, , updated: 1999/6/14 11:16, local time: 2019/3/26 09:11,
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