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SX Microcontroller Math Method

12 Bit Square Root

by Nikolai Golovchenko

;**********************************************************************
;by Nikolai Golovchenko
;12 bit SQARE ROOT
;Input:
;ACCB0 - high byte
;ACCB1 - low byte
;Result:
;ACCB0 - 6bit
;Used:
;TEMPB0 - temporary for result
;TEMPB1 - temporary for input
;LOOPCNT - counter
;Memory used
;32 instructions
;5 RAM bytes
;11+18*6-2+7= 124 cycles all cases
;**********************************************************************
Sqrt12  clr     TEMPB0          ;clear all used
        clr     TEMPB1          ;temporary registers
        mov     W, #6           ;and setup counter
        mov     LOOPCNT, W      ;

        swap    ACCB0           ;Left justify
        mov     W, <>ACCB1      ;12bit value
        and     W, #$0f         ;in two byte
        or      ACCB0, W        ;accumulator
        mov     W, <>ACCB1      ;
        and     W, #$f0         ;
        mov     ACCB1, W        ;
Sqrt12a
        rl      ACCB1           ;shift next
        rl      ACCB0           ;two higher bits
        rl      TEMPB1          ;of input
        rl      ACCB1           ;to
        rl      ACCB0           ;TEMPB1
        rl      TEMPB1          ;

        mov     W, #$01         ;take current result (shifted 2 bits left)
        add     W, TEMPB0       ;and OR with 01 (test bit) - add clears C
        rl      TEMPB0          ;and reserve place for the next bit

        mov     W, TEMPB1-w     ;test substraction for borrow
        snb     C
        setb    TEMPB0.2        ;set next result bit if no borrow
        snb     C
        mov     TEMPB1, W       ;store substraction result if no borrow

        decsz   LOOPCNT         ;repeat untill all 6 bits will be found
        jmp     Sqrt12a

        clrb    C
        rr      TEMPB0          ;right
        mov     W, >>TEMPB0     ;justify the result
        mov     ACCB0, W        ;and copy to result register
        ret
;**********************************************************************
;Last updated 16Nov99

See also:


file: /Techref/scenix/lib/math/sqrt/sqrt12_sx.htm, 2KB, , updated: 2004/6/10 14:40, local time: 2019/7/23 22:23, owner: NG--944,
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